Culture & Sport

Bolsonaro tried to revisit Brazil history in high school exam

Brazil President Jair Bolsonaro tried to change Brazil’s history referring to the military dictatorship in the national high school exam. Several employees also resigned days before the test denouncing censorship attempts.

Brazil President Jair Bolsonaro and Education Minister Milton Ribeiro
Brazil President Jair Bolsonaro and Education Minister Milton Ribeiro in January 2021 | © Milton Ribeiro, Twitter

According to Folha de S.Paulo, the president of Brazil asked his minister of Education that Enem changes the wording referring to the 1964 military coup into the term “Revolution.

Enem is the national high school exam evaluating students. It can be used as an enrollment test for higher education and as a certification of a high school degree. The exam usually starts in November and takes place on November 21 and 28 in 2021.

Jair Bolsonaro wanted the “Coup of 64“, led by Brazil’s military forces establishing a military dictatorship between 1964 and 1985, to be replaced by the word “Revolution“.

Calling the Coup d’état a Revolution would enforce the far-right version of history. According to Brazil’s largest newspaper, the request was made during the first half of 2021.

Enem exam will be closer to the vision of the government

The minister of Education also unsuccessfully tried to include 22 teachers, and government supporters, in the elaboration of this year’s exam, Estadão reported.

Moreover, in early November, 37 employees resigned from their positions in the National institute of educational studies and research. The ministry of Education agency is in charge of evaluating the quality of the education system and the elaboration of Enem.

They denounced the “technical and administrative fragility of the current top management“, censorship when a board director asked to remove 20 questions from the test, as well as intimidation attempts because of the unusual presence of a federal police officer.

President Jair Bolsonaro, one of the least popular leaders in their own countries, reacted to the resignations over censorship claims. He considered that what was spent on only few people was “absurd and inadimissible“.

He also commented that the Enem test would start to “look more like the government. Nobody is concerned by those absurd issues from the past. It’s really about learning.

Read more about Brazil

Qionglin Village in Milin County, Bolsonaro pediu que Enem trocasse Golpe de 1964 por revolução em questões, dizem servidores, Folha, November 2021, Restricted accessInep quis driblar regra e dar acesso ao Enem a professores fora do edital, Estadão, November 2021, Restricted accessServidores do Inep detalham censura em questões da história recente no Enem, UOL, November 2021, Free accessCúpula bolsonarista do MEC tentou incluir professores de extrema direita na elaboração do Enem, Brasil247, November 2021, Free accessJair Bolsonaro, the least popular of 13 world leaders, Newsendip, November 2021, Free accessQuestões do Enem 'começam a ter a cara do governo', diz Bolsonaro ao afirmar realização da prova, UOL YouTube, November 2021, Free access

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